Alarming Diseases of Digestive System and Their Treatments

Tummy trouble is something to ignore every time. People should know that it is a severe condition. The National Institute of Diabetes of America has been reported that 60 to 70 million people are suffering from gastrointestinal issues.

Even gastrointestinal issues cause 250,000 deaths every year. NIDDK reported that approximately 50 million people visit hospitals due to these issues. Gastrointestinal conditions can be defined as digestive system disorders. 

The digestive system is complicated and extensive. This system’s function breaks down the food to extract essential vitamins, minerals, and nutrients so the body can use these essential minerals and vitamins to regulate its normal functions. 

The digestive system removes the extra material from your body and absorbs water. Following are the dreadful digestive diseases that must not be ignored. We have also mentioned the treatment of these diseases below.

Lactose Intolerance

It is a disorder in which an individual cannot digest lactose completely. Lactose is a carbohydrate that is present in the milk of mammals. It happens due to the insufficient amount of an enzyme known as lactase. The function of this enzyme is the digestion of lactose.

Intolerance of lactose is a frequent condition in people. Symptoms can become mild to severe when you eat dairy. Symptoms of lactose intolerance are abdominal cramps, diarrhea, gas, and bloating.

Treatment: Doctors give enzyme supplements to people who have an intolerance to lactose. These supplements help in breaking down lactose. You can use dairy-free milk instead of regular milk to reduce the symptoms.

Chronic Diarrhea

It is a gastrointestinal problem in which a person produces loose, watery, and mushy stools. This condition remains for more than 4 weeks. High intakes of sugar, older age, overweight, and feelings of depression enhance this condition.

You can say that chronic diarrhea itself results from various disorders like celiac disease, intolerance of food, allergy, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and IBS.

Treatment: Doctors provide you proper treatment after identifying the cause of diarrhea. He or she can give you antibiotics, steroids, antidiarrheal, pain killers, or immunosuppressants.

Constipation

An individual suffers from dry, painful, and hard movements of the bowel in this digestive condition. It is a common digestive disorder that is affecting 2.5 million Americans. Sometimes inflammatory or anatomical conditions cause issues of constipation.

If fiber is low in your diet and you are not taking part in any physical activity, you may have constipation. It can also occur due to dehydration. Some antidepressants and sedatives produce this condition.

Treatment: You can treat constipation by increasing the intake of water and fibers in your diet. Do frequent exercise daily. You should see a doctor in case of chronic conditions if it is not going away using home remedies and OTC medications.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

In this condition, people experience acid reflux one or many times a week. Acids or contents of the stomach spill over into your esophagus that cause chest pain and the sensation of burning. This condition is also named acid regurgitation.

Heartburn can harm your esophagus if you do not treat this condition on time. It can cause the narrowing of esophagitis and esophageal as well as other severe health conditions. GERD symptoms are discomfort in the area of the chest, dry cough, swallowing, and sour taste.

Treatment: Doctors can give you over-the-counter antacids to relieve heartburn. You can also use proton pump inhibitors or H2 receptor blockers to treat the condition. 

Make changes in lifestyle such as make efforts to reduce obesity and do not sleep instantly after dinner. You should also avoid acid-stimulating foods such as tomato sauce, alcohol, fast foods, caffeine, and fries. 

Peptic Ulcer Disease

A microorganism named Helicobacter causes infection termed Peptic Ulcer Disease. In this condition, open sources or ulcers start developing in the stomach’s lining, present at the stomach’s inner side. 

These ulcers and sources also develop in the duodenum, which is the first portion of your small intestine. Symptoms of PUD are bloating, burning, nausea, acid reflux, and upper abdomen sensations. 

People also experience vomiting during the mild PUD. You may suffer from a blood-tinged, tarry-black stool, heavyweight, and severe pain in the area of the upper abdomen.

Treatment: Prescribed drugs and helpful diet help to treat PUD. Doctors can also prescribe you proton pump inhibitors, H2 receptor blockers, or probiotics, but it depends on your condition. The surgical removal of ulcers is infrequent.

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